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The language of ancient India as well as the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Sanskrit has a documented history going back to more than 3,000 years making it one of the oldest in the family of Indo-European languages. Sanskrit, derived from root saṃskṛ, meaning that which has been made perfect, is the predominant language of most works of Hindu philosophy as well as some of the principal texts of Buddhism and Jainism. During the early part of the 1st millennium CE, along with Hinduism and Jainism, Sanskrit migrated to parts of east, south-east and central Asia, emerging as a language of high-culture for the ruling elites of these regions.